Sinai Exped DESERT


a history of exploration in the Sinai

Written by Imogen Prince

Sinai has historically been Egypt’s first line of defence, of interest to scholars, scientists and explorers alike.

1700 BC: Rock Inscriptions

The Hyksos people from Western Asia cross the Sinai to take over the eastern Nile Delta, temporarily shutting off the turquoise mining in the Sinai. Rock inscriptions left by ancient Egyptian miners can still be found in southern Sinai, detailing day-to-day life such as changes in weather, working conditions and praise for the Gods.

1400 BC: The Exodus

Recorded in the Bible and the Quran, the Exodus from Egypt takes Moses and the Israelites through the Sinai, where they wander for 40 years. Many still make pilgrimages to the region and to Mount Sinai, where it is believed God revealed the Ten Commandments to Moses.

639 AD: He had 4,000 Men…

Amr ibn al-‘As, an Arab military commander most noted for leading the Muslim conquest of Egypt, crossed the Sinai with 4,000 men in order to invade Egypt and spread the message of Islam, still the dominant religion in Egypt today.

1798: Napoleon and the Rosetta Stone

Napoleon Bonaparte crosses the Sinai while retreating to Cairo during his campaign in the East. Bonaparte travelled with over 160 scientists and scholars to make a complete encyclopedic survey of Egypt, resulting in the discovery of the Rosetta stone.

Rosetta Stone - Siani desert
Travels in Arabia Deserta - Siani desert

1878: Arabia Deserta

English poet and traveller Charles Montagu Doughty explores the Sinai and other Arabian deserts, returning to write Travels in Arabia Deserta, which documents his time with the Bedouin nomads. This book is still considered a benchmark for ambitious travel writing.

1892: The Sisters of Sinai

Twin sisters Agnes and Margaret Smith travel to St Catherine’s Monastery in Southern Sinai and uncover the Syriac Sinaiticus, a 4th century manuscript containing translations of the New Testament into Syriac, just one of the 12 languages the sisters spoke between them. Agnes and Margaret returned to explore the Sinai repeatedly, becoming known as the Sisters of Sinai.

The Sisters of the Sinai - Siani desert
Lawrence and Wooley - Siani desert

1913: Lawrence of Arabia

T. E. Lawrence and British archaeologist Leonard Woolley join a six-week British Military survey of the Sinai to map an area they believed would prove precious to the war effort.

2012: Project New Horizons

The British Exploring Society completes the largest group crossing of the Sinai desert in British history. The 33 strong team, made up of 16-25 year olds, travelled for 15 days from the Gulf of Aqaba to the Gulf of Suez as part of Project New Horizons.

SEP 2015: Secret Compass arrives

This Sinai expedition team set out on a 220km long, camel-supported crossing of the southern Sinai, with 12 amateur explorers navigating by the stars, buying supplies from nomadic herders met en-route and wearing traditional Bedouin clothing.

The use of camels for the Sinai expedition is very helpful to the Secret Compass team
Rock jumping into the Oasis in the Sinai desert
Egypt's Sinai desert
Socialising with the locals in the Sinai desert
The arid Sinai desert

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Terms and Conditions
  1. One entry per person.
  2. Closing date for entries is 12:00 JAN 19th.
  3. Entrants must be at least 18 years old.
  4. The prize includes: 1 ticket valid for one-day entry on either Saturday 20th or Sunday 21st January 2018
  5. Getting to the venue in London is the responsibility of the winner.
  6. The prize is only available from 20th – 21st August 2018.
  7. The prize cannot be exchanged for a cash alternative.
  8. The prize cannot be sold or used by anyone other than the winner.
  9. The promoter reserves the right to provide an alternative prize of similar value should the specified prize become unavailable for any reason.
  10. Neither the Promoter nor any other person or party associated with this promotion shall be liable for any loss or damage whatsoever suffered (including, but not limited to, indirect or consequential loss or damage) or personal injury or death suffered or sustained in connection with either participation in this promotion or with any prizes offered.
  11. The promoter reserves the right to cancel or amend the terms of this prize and without notice in the unlikely event of a major catastrophe, war, earthquake or any anticipated or alleged breach of any applicable law or regulation or any similar event or if circumstances arise outside of its control.
  12. The winner will be selected randomly by Secret Compass on 19 JAN 2017.
  13. Attempts will be made to notify the winner using the email address provided at the time of entry. If the promoter, having used reasonable efforts, is unable to contact the winner, then the prize is forfeited and further draw(s) may be conducted.
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